Paper published in “Demographic Research” - 08.05.2014

Anniste, K., Tammaru, T. (2014). Ethnic differences in return migration levels and intentions of return migration: A study of Estonian migrants in Finland. Demographic Research [Published Online].

Results of this research suggest that there are important differences in the integration levels and in the return migration intentions of the ethnic Estonians and the ethnic Russians from Estonia living in Finland. Despite being much better integrated into Finnish society than ethnic Russians, the ethnic Estonians are much more likely to want to return to Estonia. Indeed, our study shows that ethnicity is one of the most important personal characteristics predicting return migration.